UPDATED 24/04/2021 8:10 AM

5 Parts of a computer

A computer agency in Wiesbaden has any machine that can be programmed to carry out a set of algorithms and arithmetic instructions. Of course, the computers we think of today are so much more than that—and I’m talking beyond just being machines used to play games and watch videos of cats on the internet!

Whether it’s a gaming system or a home PC, the five basic computer parts that make up a typical, present-day computer include: 

  • A motherboard
  • A Central Processing Unit (CPU)
  • A Graphics Processing Unit (GPU), also known as a video card
  • Random Access Memory (RAM), also known as volatile memory
  • Storage: Solid State Drive (SSD) or Hard Disk Drive (HDD)

In terms of construction, each of these main components are attached to the motherboard and then put into a protective case—resembling the clean, polished look most of us are accustomed to seeing.

Sure, most computers have their own distinct design – and different brands of hardware installed – but the components listed above are standard across all computers.

All components of a computer communicate through a circuit board called the motherboard, as was mentioned above. The CPU is often called the “brain” of a computer, thanks to its direct plug connection to the motherboard, and communication with all of the computer’s other components. Whenever you write a line of code (in Python,Java,C++, or any other programming language), it’s broken down into assembly language—which is a language that the processor can understand. It fetches, decodes, and executes these instructions.


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